Diverticulitis is a condition that occurs when small pouches called diverticula form in the walls of the colon, becoming inflamed or infected. This condition can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and nausea. While there is no specific diet for diverticulitis, certain foods can trigger symptoms or exacerbate the condition. In this article, we will discuss seven foods to avoid with diverticulitis.
Nuts and seeds
Nuts and seeds are high in fiber and nutrients, but they can be difficult to digest, especially if they are not properly chewed. The small particles can get stuck in the diverticula, leading to inflammation and pain. Avoid whole nuts, seeds, and popcorn.
Spicy foods can irritate the lining of the intestines, leading to discomfort and inflammation. This includes foods like hot peppers, chili, and curry. If you have diverticulitis, it is best to avoid these types of foods or limit your intake.
Fatty meats can be hard to digest and can worsen symptoms of diverticulitis. These include red meat, bacon, sausage, and fried chicken. Opt for lean protein sources such as fish, chicken breast, and turkey.
Dairy products such as cheese, milk, and ice cream can aggravate diverticulitis symptoms in some people. This is because they contain lactose, which can be difficult to digest for some individuals. Try lactose-free dairy products or alternative sources of calcium such as leafy greens or fortified plant-based milks.
Refined grains such as white bread, pasta, and rice have had the fiber and nutrients stripped away during processing. This makes them easy to digest, but they lack the necessary fiber to keep the digestive system healthy. Opt for whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread.
Caffeine and alcohol
Caffeine and alcohol can irritate the intestines and cause inflammation, exacerbating symptoms of diverticulitis. Limit your intake of coffee, tea, soda, and alcohol, or avoid them altogether.
Fruits with small seeds
Fruits with small seeds such as strawberries, raspberries, and kiwi can get stuck in the diverticula and cause inflammation. Avoid these fruits or remove the seeds before eating.
In conclusion, while there is no specific diet for diverticulitis, avoiding certain foods can help alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications. Consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to create a personalized nutrition plan that works for you.